Afzal Shad | Reputations

I am Certified Cambridge Teacher & Online Tutor for IGCSE Business Studies (0450), O-Level Business Studies (7115), IGCSE Accounting (0452), O-Level Principal of Accounts (7110), O-Level Commerce (7100), AS/A Level Business Studies (9609) & AS/A Level Accounting (9706) An MBA (Finance), CCMA (UK), Bachelors in Commerce. 14+ years of experience in Teaching, Financial Management, Project Accounts and Brand Management.
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why do companies sells their shares in stock market?

Yes, Haniya is right. Selling shares in Stock Exchange is the option available to Public Limited Companies (PLC) only. As the amount of investment is high and the share holders (investors) keep on getting...

January 10, 20215
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firing emmployees

"Firing" or "Layoff" has reasons as told by Rameen. In addition to that the reason of layoff can be: Unproductive Labor: Staff which is not actively involved in increasing productivity of a firm Merger:...

May 7, 20205
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downsizing

Downsizing is basically "firing" or "layoff" of employees. The reason of layoff can be: Unproductive Labor: Staff which is not actively involved in increasing productivity of a firm Merger: Layoff...

May 7, 20205
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What is meant by “Accounting Concepts”?

Accounting concepts refers to the rules of accounting which are to be followed, while recording business transactions and preparing Financial Statements. The Major accounting concepts in IGCSE/O/A-Levels...

May 7, 20205
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What is Single-entry bookkeeping?

Single entry is an old accounting system adopted by small firms. It includes three sets of accounts: Debtors Account Creditors Account Cash Book (including bank) There is no trial balance (as there...

May 7, 20205
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What is meant by Ancillary firms ?

Ancillary firms is firms that supply business support services to other organizations, such as transportation, marketing and equipment maintenance services. Still confused of Definition or want to know...

May 6, 20202
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What is meant by Cash reserve ?

Cash reserve is a holding of cash over and above what is needed to meet immediate payments. The reserve is held on the business premises or in an easy-access bank account. Still confused of Definition...

April 19, 20205
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What is meant by Cash outflow ?

Cash outflow is cash paid out by a business. Still confused of Definition or want to know features of Cash outflow, Advantages & Disadvantages of Cash outflow ? Please Ask Question to get detailed...

April 19, 20205
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What is meant by Cash inflow ?

Cash inflow is cash received by a business. Still confused of Definition or want to know features of Cash inflow, Advantages & Disadvantages of Cash inflow ? Please Ask Question to get detailed...

April 19, 20205
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What is meant by Cash flow forecast ?

Cash flow forecast is a projection of anticipated monthly cash inflows and outflows to estimate future cash requirements. Still confused of Definition or want to know features of Cash flow forecast, Advantages...

April 19, 20205
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What is meant by Cash flow cycle ?

Cash flow cycle is the continuous flow of cash into and out of a business over time. Still confused of Definition or want to know features of Cash flow cycle, Advantages & Disadvantages of Cash flow...

April 19, 20205
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What is meant by Capital-intensive ?

Capital-intensive is a firm or production process that requires more capital equipment than labour. Still confused of Definition or want to know features of Capital-intensive, Advantages & Disadvantages...

April 19, 20205
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What is meant by Capital expenditure ?

Capital expenditure is money spent on the purchase or acquisition of non-current assets such as premises and machinery. Still confused of Definition or want to know features of Capital expenditure, Advantages...

April 19, 20205
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What is meant by Capital employed ?

Capital employed is long-term capital from non-current liabilities and shareholders’ funds invested in a business (therefore also equal to total assets - current liabilities) Still confused of Definition...

April 19, 20205
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What is meant by Business target ?

Business target is an objective expressed as a value or volume to achieve by a given date. Still confused of Definition or want to know features of Business target, Advantages & Disadvantages of Business...

April 19, 20205
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What is meant by Business plan ?

Business plan is a written statement about a business idea: how it will be organized, what the owners want to achieve with it and how they will do so. Still confused of Definition or want to know features...

April 19, 20205
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What is meant by Business stakeholders ?

Business stakeholders is people and organizations with a direct or indirect interest in business activities and performance. Still confused of Definition or want to know features of Business stakeholders,...

April 19, 20205
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What is meant by Business objective ?

Business objective is a goal or aim the owners, managers and employees in a business work towards. Still confused of Definition or want to know features of Business objective, Advantages & Disadvantages...

April 19, 20205
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What is meant by Business cycle ?

Business cycle is recurrent periods of recession, recovery and boom in business activity and economic growth in a national economy. Still confused of Definition or want to know features of Business cycle,...

April 19, 20205
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What is meant by Building regulations ?

Building regulations is rules governing how buildings, including factories, shops and offices, should be constructed. Still confused of Definition or want to know features of Building regulations, Advantages...

April 19, 20205
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